The rights of employees in the workplace are the next area I'd like to discuss. Audiences will recall from my previous blog that employees are entitled to several rights under federal law, including taking paid parental leave, comprehensive federal labor laws to fund labor unions adequately; laws requiring employers to give employees fair notice of a plant closing or mass layoff; civil rights protection for military families or for those who are taking leaves of absence; the right to unionize; freedom from disciplinary action or termination for serving on a jury; and many more.

The extensive legal area known as "Labor and Employment Law" falls primarily under this large practice area.

Employee rights have been featured in many heated debates, as the laws governing employee rights are complex, covering various topics across different industry verticals. For example, legal protections are very different for an employee working in the private sector compared to someone that works in the public sector, such as a public school teacher, postal worker, or local public official. Some employees working for private businesses, such as agricultural or domestic workers, have limited rights also.

Human Resources law consists of rules regarding the relationship between employees and their employer. These laws deal with employment law, compensation, hiring and firing, and employee benefits.