Case Law refers to the concept that cases follow previous case rulings. In other words, cases establish precedents for later cases; future court rulings can then refer back to these precedents. These case laws are different types of law, but the main ones are statutory and common law.

Some legislative bodies have trouble guiding a statistically significant proportion of situations, legal issues, and questions, so legally charged decisions are often left to judges in a court setting. When judges open a case, they do not start with a blank piece of parchment. Instead, they examine a wealth of case law about previous legal cases.

"AMvore" is a concept in the Roman-Dutch law system and means that a court will adhere to an existing and established decision or finding. Although this does not always apply to courts, it is generally complicated to obtain a ruling against precedent, as a higher court is generally required for a precedent to be found to no longer extended stand.

The concept of legal precedent is deeply ingrained in the law of the 50 U.S. states. That means that, in most states, if a judge or jury decides on one case and a different judge or jury tries to decide another similar case, that judge or jury must base their decisions on the same set of facts and lawsunless they explicitly decide otherwise.