Capital Markets are financial markets for long-term securities such as corporate bonds or equity shares. They are essential for funding businesses, industries, and governments and are under the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) jurisdiction.

Modern markets are becoming increasingly electronic, making it easy for buyers and sellers alike to find and transact with each other quickly. Additionally, in addition to being accessible only by banks, governments, and individuals, electronic trading systems also make it easy for the stock market to be accessed in other countries, allowing *international* stock investors to trade easily year over year.

An investor can choose to buy or sell stocks or securities in the primary or secondary market.

Somehow, capital has been raised for corporate and government use for thousands of years and, today, includes: Equities New equity issues are sold to the general public by Companies. Debt Governments and companies sell new debt issues. New offerings Previously issued securities are sold again using the new-issue method so that a new group of investors can have the opportunity to buy.

On the other hand, stock markets allow investors to buy and sell securities through an intermediary, such as an exchange, which facilitates the transaction process. Secondary markets, on the other hand, deal in securities that are already in circulation.

Stocks versus Bonds

Stocks and bonds are two of the main asset classes in the capital market. They represent the financial assets that investors can buy and sell.

Stocks and bonds have some essential differences that investors should be aware of.

A stock is a type of security that signifies ownership in a business or corporation. It can be bought or sold and increases in value if the company does well. On the other hand, bonds are contractual obligations issued by companies. Companies either need to roll over their debt periodically or pay it off ultimately (also known as "deleveraging" or "paying off debt"). Bonds and stocks also have significant tax implications.